Human clustering in coastal areas The coastal zone has gained a solid reputation as a place vocated for recreational activities and this is generally related to the presence of the sea. The relationship, however, does not appear univocal or simple: the sea can be perceived as a hostile element by humans and the more general question of whether the presence of the shore is in itself a favourable, repulsive, or irrelevant factor to settlement is a debatable point, at least for pre-industrial societies. Back in the early part of the 19th century, Friedrich Hegel regarded oceans and rivers as unifying elements rather than dividing ones, thus implying a trend towards the concentration of human settlements along them. 'The sea', he wrote, 'stimulates 1 courage and conquest, as well as profit and plunder', although he realized that this did not equally apply to all maritime peoples. In Hegel's view, different approaches to the sea were mainly the results of cultural factors and, in fact, he recognized that some people living in coastal areas perceive the sea as a dangerous and alien place and the shore as aftnis terrae.
Shorebirds and seabirds found on the east coast are truly world globetrotters with migration routes that span oceans and continents. Eastern Coastal Birds is the ideal pocket-sized, folding guide for the seasonal visitor or resident to identify commonly seen birds along the coast of eastern North America. This beautifully illustrated guide highlights over 140 familiar species and a map featuring prominent coastal birding hotspots. Laminated for durability, this lightweight, pocket-sized folding guide is an excellent source of portable information and ideal for field use by birders of all ages. Made in the USA.
For many, golf courses are sanctuaries where one can enjoy a few hours of relaxation away from the demands of day-to-day life. Courses along the southeastern coastal plain from North Carolina to northern Florida are also sanctuaries for wildlife. This beautifully illustrated guide highlights over 140 familiar and unique species of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians and also features a regional map and information on the unique ecosystems in this area. Laminated for durability, this lightweight, pocket-sized folding guide is an excellent source of portable information and ideal for field use by visitors and residents alike. Made in the USA.
An interesting read for professional jurists, court administrators, and scholars concerned with lay adjudication or East German legal institutions, this book provides an account of the social courts of the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Although the East German system was corrupt and oppressive, the social courts were an innovative and successful experiment. Rooted in Marxist-Leninist legal doctrine, these courts handled thousands of minor civil disputes and petty criminal offenses each year. The judges and jurists who worked at these courts were lay people and did not receive an pay for their services. This book delves into the history of the social courts and their success with both the government and the citizens of East Germany. It also presents the courts as an instructive example of an inexpensive, speedy, and popular legal institution that should be studied by today's court systems.
The social courts of the GDR had a wide range of primary and auxiliary functions. Some of these functions were to relieve the state courts of the need to deal with a variety or minor civil and criminal cases, give ordinary citizens an important role to play in the administration of justice, raise the citizens' legal knowledge and consciousness, and tie citizens more closely to the regime through participatory acts. Offering both commendations and criticisms of the social courts, this book seeks to provide a record of the structures, functions, interactions, decisions, and personnel of the social courts, along with a comparative analysis to other legal systems, such as those of the United States of America.
This book is different from many others before it that usually recite the causes and effects of perpetual poverty in Liberia and other developing countries. This book, however, offers a new Vision of Unity, Peace, Equality, Fairness, Justice, Hope, Opportunity and Prosperity for all the People of the Republic. As Liberia reaches 185 years since its founding and 160 years of Independence, the time is now for each and every Liberian to fill our hearts and minds with Positive Patriotism anchored by Love for God, Love for Ourselves as Liberians, Love for Liberia and Love for each and every fellow Liberian. This vision is a Vision of Positive Patriotism. With a new Vision of Positive Patriotism, the book implores Liberians to embark on building a New Foundation for our beloved Republic since the foundation that was built in 1822 has been destroyed and/or is obsolete. The land, Liberia, is blessed with abundant natural resources such as gold, diamonds, iron ore, rubber and timber and the necessary manpower. This book lays out strategies on how Liberians can protect, unify and professionally manage our country; marshal and develop our country's human capital, financial capital and natural resources; build new inclusive permanent functional institutions, eliminate corruption, create jobs for the 85% of Liberians that are unemployed today and bring about the rapid economic and social development of the Republic of Liberia. Equally important, the pages of this book offer practical strategies and step-by-step implementation guides that will make the new Vision a reality and lift Liberia out of the deep valley of poverty to the great heights of prosperity! With God's help and Liberian's hard work, we can turn Liberia into a Miracle on the Atlantic Coast in less than twenty years. Finally, the strategies in this book when applied carefully can work to lift any developing country and/or country coming out of civil conflict from extreme poverty to unprecedented prosperity.